Praise be to Allah.
We have now entered the blessed month of Ramadan, Alhamdulillah. This year’s Ramadan is definitely going to be different. Our mosques are closed. We are not able to observe Ramadan like the previous years and it hurts.
However, Allah s.w.t. has now given us the opportunity to reflect, learn, revise and internalise the essence of fasting. Perhaps, for some of us, Ramadan has become an annual routine which we may have taken for granted.
As difficult as things are right now, our hearts are comforted by the fact that Allah is the Best Planner and His Plan is more beautiful than our wants and desires. Let’s keep our chin up and strive to make the most of Ramadan, in the best way we can.
One of the acts of worship that we all look forward to is the Terawih prayer. The Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said:
مَنْ قَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيْمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ
“Whoever prays during the night of Ramadan with īmān (faith) and in hopes of rewards (from Allah), his past sins will be forgiven for him.”
(Sahih Al-Bukhārī & Muslim)
The Terawih prayer is a sunnah prayer that is performed only in the month of Ramadan at any time between the Isha’ prayer and the Subuh prayer. Here is a step-by-step guide that you can follow for your Terawih prayer this year.
Recite the intention for Terawih prayer:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ أَدَاءً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak'ataini lillah ta'ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih two raka'at for Allah ta'ala
If you are praying in a congregation, the intentions for Terawih prayer are as follows. The one who is leading the prayer as an Imam would recite:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ إِمَامًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak'ataini imaamam lillah ta'ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih as the Imam two raka'at for Allah ta'ala
The Makmum (follower) will recite this intention:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ مَأمُومًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak'ataini makmumam lillah ta'ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih as the Makmum (follower) two raka'at for Allah ta'ala
The following illustrations will guide us on praying Jema’ah (in a congregation) at home:
Read these guidelines for praying in a congregation.
Takbiratul Ihram is the act of raising your hands such that your thumbs are on the same level as your earlobes, and your palms are on the same level as your shoulder.
Say ‘Allahu Akbar’ while keeping your intention in mind.
Stand in prayer (for the able men and women). Upon giving the Takbir, lower your hands gently over your chest and put your right hand over your left.
Recite the Dua Iftitah (opening dua) quietly only for the first raka’at:
اللهُ اَكْبَرُ كَبِرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلهِ كَثِيْرًا وَسُبْحَانَ اللهِ بُكْرَةً وَاَصِيْلًا .وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَالسَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيْفًا مُسْلِمًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْنَ . إِنَّ صَلَاتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ . لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ اُمِرْتُ وَأنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ
Allaahu Akbar Kabiraa,
Wa Subhānallāhi Bukratan Wa aṣīlā
Wajjahtu Wajhi-allazi Fatra-Samawāti wal-Ardh
Hanīfan-Musliman Wamā ana minal-musyrikīn
Inna ṣalātī, wanusukī wamahyayā, wamamātī Lillāhi rabbil-'ālamīn
Lā Syarīka lahu Wa Bidzālika Umirtu Wa Anā Minal Muslimīn
Allah the Almighty, the Greatest
All praises be upon Him
Allah The Most Exalted of them all, day and night
I stand before The One Who created the skies and the lands
I sincerely submit to Allah and I am certainly not among those who associate Allah with other beings
Indeed my Solat, my good deeds, my life and my death are all for Allah The Lord of all the worlds
He has no partner nor parallel whatsoever; and I have been ordered as such; and I am from those who embrace Islam.
Once the Dua Iftitah is read, recite the Ta’awwudz(seeking refuge in Allah s.w.t) quietly:
أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
A`udhu billahi min ash-shaytan ar-rajim
I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan
And then read Surah Al-Fatihah:
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ. الحَمدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ العالَمينَ
الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ. مالِكِ يَومِ الدّينِ
إِيّاكَ نَعبُدُ وَإِيّاكَ نَستَعينُ
اهدِنَا الصِّراطَ المُستَقيمَ
صِراطَ الَّذينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِم غَيرِ المَغضوبِ عَلَيهِم وَلَا الضّالّينَ
Bi-smi llāhi r-Raḥmāni r-Raḥīm.
Al-ḥamdu li-llāhi rabbi l-ʿālamīn.
māliki yawmi d-dīn.
iyyāka naʿbudu wa-iyyāka nastaʿīn.
Ihdinā ṣ-ṣirāṭa l-mustaqīm.
ṣirāṭa lladhīna anʿamta ʿalayhim ghayri l-maghḍūbi ʿalayhim wa-lā ḍ-ḍāllīn.
In the name of God, the infinitely Compassionate and Merciful.
Praise be to God, Lord of all the worlds.
The Compassionate, the Merciful. Ruler on the Day of Reckoning.
You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help.
Guide us on the straight path,
the path of those who have received your grace;
not the path of those who have brought down wrath, nor of those who wander astray.
Upon completing the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah, you may read any memorised surah of your preference. For the second raka’at, it is encouraged to choose a verse that does not precede the first in the order of the Quran.
For example, you can read Surah Al-’Asr in the first raka’at and read Surah Al-Ikhlas in the second. If you would like a guide, refer to page 34 of Contemporary Irsyad Series - Ramadan edition (English) by Office of the Mufti for a list of recommended surahs.
While there is no harm in reading the same surah again in the next raka’at, this Ramadan could be an opportunity to learn other beautiful surah and further increase our appreciation of the Quran, especially since there are so many benefits of reciting the Quran.
You may also opt to read from the mashaf, maybe a pocket Quran or Quran app.
Recite the Takbiratul Intiqal (Allahu Akbar) during the transition from standing to bending for Ruku’, while raising your hands just as previously explained in Takbiratul Ihram. Lower your hands gently to your knees as you move towards the Ruku’ position.
Say three times,
سبحان ربي العظيم وبحمده
Subhanna Rabbiya l-’azim wa bihamdih
Glory be to Allah, the Mighty, and praise be to He
After completing your Ruku’, return to the standing position while raising your hands just as in the Takbiratul Ihram position and recite during the transition:
سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ
Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah
Allah has heard the one who praised Him
Lower your hands gently. When you are in the complete upright position, recite:
رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ
O Our Lord, to You are all the praises
7) Perform the first sujud
Go into prostration while saying the Takbiratul Intiqal (Allahu Akbar) without raising your hands. Let your knees touch the ground first, followed by your palms and then your forehead. While in the first Sujud, say three times:
سبحان ربي الأعلى وبحمده
Subhānna Rabbiya l-a’lā wa bihamdih
Glory be to my Lord The Most High, and praise be to He
In between the two Sujud, rise from prostration to a sitting position on your knees while saying the Takbiratul Intiqal without raising your hands. In the sitting position, say :
رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِيْ وَارْحَمْنِيْ وَاجْبُرْنِيْ وَارْفَعْنِيْ وَارْزُقْنِيْ وَاهْدِنِيْ وَعَافِنِيْ وَاعْفُ عَنِّيْ
Rabbighfirlī wa-rhamnī wa-jburnī wa-rfa’nī wa-rzuqnī wa-hdinī wa ‘afinī wa’fu ‘annī
O Lord, forgive me, have mercy on me, cover for me my shortcomings, elevate my rank, provide for me, guide me, grant me well-being, and pardon me
Afterwards, return to the prostration position to complete the second Sujud and repeat the recitation as mentioned previously. Upon fulfilling the mentioned integrals (arkān), we have completed the first raka’at.
Return to the standing position while reciting the Takbiratul Intiqal and repeat the mentioned integrals (Step 4. To 8.) again to fulfil the second raka’at.
11) Recite the final Tasyahhud
The 9th, 10th and 11th integrals of prayer can be described in this step. At the end of your 2nd raka'at, sit on your left leg while the left foot is placed and briefly exposed below your right leg. Keep your right foot upright just as in the picture shown above. Complete the prayer by reciting the final Tasyahhud;
اَلتَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ِللهِ. اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ. اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ
“At-tahiyyātul mubārakatuṣ-ṣalawātuth ṭayyibātu lillāh. Assalāmu ‘alaika ayyuhan-nabiyyu wa rahmatullāhi wa barakātuhu. Assalāmu ‘alainā wa ‘alā ‘ibādillāhiṣ-ṣālihīn.
Raise your right index finger. And say:
أَشْهدُ اَنْ لاَإِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَاَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُوْلُ اللهِ
Asyhadu an lā ilāha illallāh, wa asyhadu anna Muhammadar Rasuulullāh
Continue with the selawat:
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ، اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ علَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
Allahumma ṣalli 'ala Muhammadin, wa 'alā āli Muhammad, kamā ṣallaita 'ala 'āli Ibrāhīma, innaka Hamīdun Majīd. Allahumma bārik 'alā Muhammadin, wa 'alā āli Muhammad, kamā bārakta 'alā āli Ibrāhīma, innaka Hamīdun Majīd
O Allah, bestow your blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you bestowed your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim. Indeed You are Praised and Glorious. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You have blessed the family of Ibrahim. Indeed You are Praised and Glorious
12) End with the Salam
Turn your head to both of your sides, starting from the right, such that your cheek can be seen by anyone behind you, and say
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله
Assalamu alaykum wa-rahmatullah
Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you
By giving the Salam, we have therefore completed one set of Terawih prayer.
Each Terawih prayer consists of two raka’at. If you are intending to pray 8 raka'at of Terawih prayer, do 4 sets of 2 raka'at. If you are intending to do 20 raka'at of Terawih prayer, do 10 sets of Terawih Prayer.
After completing the Terawih prayer, it is encouraged to end the night with Witr prayer. For more discussions on Witr prayer such as whether we should perform it immediately after Terawih prayer or later in the night, read 5 Things You Need to Know About Terawih Prayer.
Witr prayer should be performed in an odd number of raka'at and is usually done in 3 raka'at. This is done by performing 2 raka’at of the same steps mentioned with the Salam, and then followed by 1 raka’at with the Salam to complete the 3 raka’at of Witr prayer. The maximum number of raka’at for the sunnah Witr prayer is 11 raka’at.
14) Read recommended Zikir and supplications
There are supplications that are often read in mosques after every Terawih prayer. However, if you do not read them, it does not invalidate the fast. Nonetheless, reciting them is definitely encouraged, especially in light of this current pandemic. (Read Page 36 of Contemporary Irsyad Series - Ramadan edition (English))
What is important for us is to make full use of this blessed time and position to sincerely supplicate to Allah s.w.t. and express our love, hope, fear, regret, heart and soul to The One who Hears, is Kind and Most Merciful to His Servants.
It is however understandable that we sometimes find it hard to think of what to dua. For the supplications that are often read after Terawih and Witr prayers, you may refer to this list of beautiful Duas for Ramadan.
Despite the challenges in this temporal period, it is apt that we remind ourselves that Ramadan is the month of striving. We strive to overcome challenges and develop virtues into becoming better Muslims for Allah s.w.t.
May this step-by-step guide on how to perform the Terawih prayer benefit us. May this Ramadan be a more meaningful one. May Allah s.w.t. accept our humble deeds. Ameen.
And Allah knows best.
There are many benefits of praying in a congregation. To get your Terawih questions answered, Ustaz Irwan Hadi from Office of the Mufti together with Ms Marina Yusoff and her family shares how you can do your Terawih prayer at home: