How To Pray Terawih At Home - Step by Step Guide

by Muslim.Sg 2021-04-12 • 16 min read
Muslim.Sg is a one-stop online media platform that aims to inspire and empower millennial Muslims with powerful and engaging Islamic religious content.
2021-04-12 • 16 min read

How To Pray Terawih At Home - Step by Step Guide

How to Pray Taraweeh step by step for Muslim

 Praise be to Allah. 

This year's Ramadan, we are grateful to be able to return to Mosques and perform our Terawih prayers despite the limitations and some restrictions.

These constraints are not necessarily drawbacks. Instead of being comforted with the ideal routines we are so used to, Allah s.w.t. has given us the opportunity to reflect, learn, revise and internalise the essence of fasting.

As difficult as things are right now, our hearts are at ease knowing that Allah is the Best Planner and His Plan is more beautiful than our wants and desires. Let’s keep our chin up and strive to make the most of Ramadan, in the best way we can. 

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One of the acts of worship that we all look forward to is the Terawih prayer. The Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said: 

مَنْ قَامَ رَمَضَانَ إِيْمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ 

Whoever stands (in worship) in Ramadan out of faith and hope for the rewards (from Allah), his past sins will be forgiven.” 

(Sahih Al-Bukhārī & Muslim)

The Terawih prayer is a sunnah prayer that is performed only in the month of Ramadan at any time between the Isha’ prayer and the Subuh prayer. Here is a step-by-step guide that you can follow for your Terawih prayer this year. 

1) Establish the intention to perform Terawih

Recite intention of Taraweeh

Recite the intention for Terawih prayer:

أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ أَدَاءً لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak'ataini lillah ta'ala

I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih two raka'at for Allah ta'ala

If you are praying in a congregation, the intentions for Terawih prayer are as follows. The one who is leading the prayer as an Imam would recite:

أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ إِمَامًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak'ataini imaamam lillah ta'ala

I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih as the Imam two raka'at for Allah ta'ala

The Makmum (follower) will recite this intention:

أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ التَراوِيحِ رَكعَتَينِ مَأمُومًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى

Usolli sunnata-taraawiihi rak'ataini makmumam lillah ta'ala

I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Terawih as the Makmum two raka'at for Allah ta'ala

The following illustrations will guide us on praying Jema’ah (in a congregation) at home:

Guidelines for congregational prayer for Muslims at home

Read these guidelines for praying in a congregation.

2) Give the Takbiratul Ihram

Perform takbiratul ihram (say AllahuAkbar) while maintaining intention

Takbiratul Ihram is the act of entering the state of prayer. It is done by raising your hands such that your thumbs are on the same level as your earlobes, and your palms are on the same level as your shoulder. 

Say ‘Allahu Akbar’ while keeping your intention in mind.

3) Place your right hand over your left and recite Dua Iftitah

Put your right hand over your left and recite Dua Iftitah

Stand in prayer (for the able men and women). Upon giving the Takbir, lower your hands gently over your chest and put your right hand over your left. 

Recite the Dua Iftitah (opening dua) quietly only for the first raka’at:

اللهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيْرًا وَسُبْحَانَ اللهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيْلًا .وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَالسَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيْفًا مُسْلِمًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْنَ . إِنَّ صَلَاتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ


Allāhu Akbar Kabirā,

Walhamdulillāhi Kathīrā

Wa Subhānallāhi Bukratan Wa aṣīlā

Wajjahtu Wajhiya lillazi Fatras-Samāwāti wal-Ardh

Hanīfan Musliman Wa-mā ana minal-musyrikīn

Inna ṣalātī, wa-nusukī wa-mahyaya, wamamātī Lillāhi Rabbil-'ālamīn

Lā syarīka laHu wa bizālika umirtu wa ana minal muslimīn


Allah the Almighty, the Greatest

All praises be upon Him

Allah The Most Exalted, day and night

I stand before The One Who created the skies and the lands

I sincerely submit to Allah and I am certainly not among those who associate Allah with other beings

Indeed my Solat, my good deeds, my life and my death are all for Allah The Lord of all the worlds

He has no partner nor parallel whatsoever, and I have been ordered as such, and I am from those who embrace Islam (submits).

4)   Recite Surah Al-Fatihah and another Surah from the Quran

Recite Surah Al-Fatihah and another Surah from the Quran

 Once the Dua Iftitah is read, recite the Ta’awwudz (seeking Allah's refuge from the devil) quietly:

أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

A'uzu biLlāhi minash-shaytānir-rajim

I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan

And then read Surah Al-Fatihah: 

بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ. الحَمدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ العالَمينَ

الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ. مالِكِ يَومِ الدّينِ

إِيّاكَ نَعبُدُ وَإِيّاكَ نَستَعينُ

اهدِنَا الصِّراطَ المُستَقيمَ

صِراطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِم غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِم وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ



Alḥamdulillāhi Rabbil-ʿālamīn.


Māliki yawmid-dīn.

iyyāKa naʿbudu wa-iyyāKa nastaʿīn.


ṣirāṭallazīna anʿamta ʿalayhim ghayril-maghḍūbi ʿalayhim wa-lāḍḍāllīn.


In the name of God The Most Compassionate and Merciful.

Praise be to Allah, Lord of all the worlds.

The Compassionate, The Merciful. Ruler on the Day of Reckoning.

You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help.

Guide us along the straight path,

the path of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace,

not those You are displeased with, or those who are astray.


Upon completing the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah, you may read any memorised surah of your preference. For the second raka’at, it is encouraged to choose a verse that does not precede the first in the order of the Quran.

For example, you can read Surah Al-’Asr in the first raka’at and read Surah Al-Ikhlas in the second. If you would like a guide, refer to page 34 of Contemporary Irsyad Series - Ramadan edition (English) by Office of the Mufti for a list of recommended surahs.

While there is no harm in reading the same surah again in the next raka’at, this Ramadan could be an opportunity to learn other beautiful surah and further increase our appreciation of the Quran, especially since there are so many benefits of reciting the Quran.

You may also opt to read from the mashaf, maybe a pocket Quran or Quran app.

5) Bend forward for Ruku’ 

Perform the ruku' and bend forward

Recite the Takbiratul Intiqal (Allahu Akbar) during the transition from standing to bending for Ruku’, while raising your hands just as previously explained in Takbiratul Ihram. Lower your hands gently to your knees as you move towards the Ruku’ position. 

Say three times, 

سُبحَانَ رَبِّيَ العَظِيمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ

Subhanna Rabbiyal-’azim wa bihamdiHi

Glory be to Allah, the Mighty, and praise be to He 

6) Stand in the upright position - I’tidal

Perform the i'tidal while raising both hands

 After completing your Ruku’, return to the standing position while raising your hands just as in the Takbiratul Ihram position and recite during the transition:

سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ

Sami’ Allahu liman hamida

Allah has heard the one who praised Him 

Recite Rabbana walaka-l-hamd

 Lower your hands gently. When you are in the complete upright position, recite:

رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ

Rabbana walaKal-hamd

O Our Lord, to You are all the praises

7)   Perform the first sujud

Perform sujud while saying AllahuAkbar

Go into prostration while saying the Takbiratul Intiqal (Allahu Akbar) without raising your hands. Let your knees touch the ground first, followed by your palms and then your forehead. While in the first Sujud, say three times: 

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى وَبِحَمْدِهِ

Subhānna Rabbiyal-a’lā wa bihamdih

Glory be to my Lord The Most High, and praise be to He

 8) Sit on your knees

Sit on your knees and say Rabbighfirlī wa-rhamnī wa-jburnī wa-rfa’nī wa-rzuqnī wa-hdinī wa ‘afinī wa’fu ‘annī

In between the two Sujud, rise from prostration to a sitting position on your knees while saying the Takbiratul Intiqal without raising your hands. In the sitting position, say :

رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِيْ وَارْحَمْنِيْ وَاجْبُرْنِيْ وَارْفَعْنِيْ وَارْزُقْنِيْ وَاهْدِنِيْ وَعَافِنِيْ وَاعْفُ عَنِّيْ 

Rabbighfirlī warhamnī wajburnī warfa’nī warzuqnī wahdinī wa‘afinī wa’fu ‘annī 

O Lord, forgive me, have mercy on me, cover for me my shortcomings, elevate my rank, provide for me, guide me, grant me well-being, and pardon me

 9) Perform the second sujud

Prostrate while saying AllahuAkbar

 Afterwards, return to the prostration position to complete the second Sujud and repeat the recitation as mentioned previously. Upon fulfilling the mentioned integrals (arkān), we have completed the first raka’at.

10) Return to the standing position 

Stand and say AllahuAkbar

Return to the standing position while reciting the Takbiratul Intiqal and repeat the mentioned integrals (Step 4. To 8.) again to fulfil the second raka’at.

11) Recite the final Tasyahhud

Recite the Tashahhud

The 9th, 10th and 11th integrals of prayer can be described in this step. At the end of your 2nd raka'at, sit on your left leg while the left foot is placed and briefly exposed below your right leg. Keep your right foot upright just as in the picture shown above. Complete the prayer by reciting the final Tasyahhud

اَلتَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ِللهِ. اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ. اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ 

At-tahiyyātul mubārakatuṣ-ṣalawātuth ṭayyibātu lillāh. Assalāmu ‘alaika ayyuhan-nabiyyu wa rahmatullāhi wa barakātuhu. Assalāmu ‘alainā wa ‘alā ‘ibādillāhiṣ-ṣālihīn.


Raise your right index finger and say Asyhadu an lā ilāha illallāh, wa asyhadu anna Muhammadar Rasuulullāh

 Raise your right index finger. And say:

أَشْهدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُوْلُ اللهِ

Asyhadu an lā ilāha illallāh, wa asyhadu anna Muhammadar Rasuulullāh

 Continue with the selawat: 

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ، اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ علَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ 

Allahumma ṣalli 'ala Muhammadin, wa 'alā āli Muhammad, kamā ṣallaita 'ala 'āli Ibrāhīma, innaka Hamīdun Majīd. Allahumma bārik 'alā Muhammadin, wa 'alā āli Muhammad, kamā bārakta 'alā āli Ibrāhīma, innaka Hamīdun Majīd

O Allah, bestow your blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you bestowed your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim. Indeed You are Praised and Glorious. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You have blessed the family of Ibrahim. Indeed You are Praised and Glorious

 12) End with the Salam 

End with Assalamu alaykum wa-rahmatullah

 Turn your head to both of your sides, starting from the right, such that your cheek can be seen by anyone behind you, and say 

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُم وَرَحْمَةُ الله

Assalamu alaykum wa-rahmatullah

Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you

By giving the Salam, we have therefore completed one set of Terawih prayer. 

Each Terawih prayer consists of two raka’at. If you are intending to pray 8 raka'at of Terawih prayer, do 4 sets of 2 raka'at. If you are intending to do 20 raka'at of Terawih prayer, do 10 sets of Terawih Prayer. 

13) Do the Witr prayer

 After completing the Terawih prayer, it is encouraged to end the night with Witr prayer. For more discussions on Witr prayer such as whether we should perform it immediately after Terawih prayer or later in the night, read 5 Things You Need to Know About Terawih Prayer.

Witr prayer should be performed in an odd number of raka'at and is usually done in 3 raka'at. This is done by performing 2 raka’at of the same steps mentioned with the Salam, and then followed by 1 raka’at with the Salam to complete the 3 raka’at of Witr prayer. The maximum number of raka’at for the sunnah Witr prayer is 11 raka’at.

14) Read recommended Zikir and supplications

There are supplications that are often read in mosques after every Terawih prayer. However, if you do not read them, it does not invalidate the prayer. Nonetheless, reciting them is definitely encouraged, especially in light of this current pandemic. (Read Page 36 of Contemporary Irsyad Series - Ramadan edition (English))

What is important for us is to make full use of this blessed time and position to sincerely supplicate to Allah s.w.t. and express our love, hope, fear, regret, heart and soul to The One Who Hears, is Kind and Most Merciful to His servants.

It is, however, understandable that we sometimes find it hard to think of what to dua to pray. For the supplications that are often read after Terawih and Witr prayers, you may refer to this list of beautiful Duas for Ramadan.

Despite the challenges and restrictions we may face now, it is apt that we remind ourselves that Ramadan is the month of striving. We strive to overcome challenges and develop virtues into becoming better Muslims in the sight of Allah s.w.t.

May this step-by-step guide on how to perform the Terawih prayer benefit us. May this Ramadan be a more meaningful one and may Allah s.w.t. accept our humble deeds. Ameen.

Allah knows best.

There are many benefits of praying in a congregation. To get your Terawih questions answered, Ustaz Irwan Hadi from Office of the Mufti together with Ms Marina Yusoff and her family shares how you can do your Terawih prayer at home:

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