4 Ways to Internalise the Essence of Fasting 

by Ustaz Ridhwan Mohd Basor 2021-04-22 • 11 min read
Ustaz Ridhwan is a member of the Asatizah Youth Network. Trained in social sciences & Islamic thought, he spent 13 years of education in local madrasahs, before pursuing his Political Science degree at the National University of Singapore. He then completed his postgraduate studies on Islamic Political Thought at the International Islamic University Malaysia.
2021-04-22 • 11 min read

4 Things To Know About Ramadan Fasting Month

Ramadan is the time of prayer, fasting and supplications

Ramadan is a special month for Muslims. It is the month where we seek to increase our spirituality and get ourselves closer to God. Fasting marks a significant act of worship that defines the month-long spiritual experience. However, beyond abstaining from thirst and hunger from dawn to dusk, what exactly is the significance of fasting? In this article, we break down four ways to internalise the essence of fasting in Islam and the significance of Ramadan.

1. Fasting is not uniquely a Muslim tradition

Fasting also prescribed to the people of other traditions

The act of fasting practised by Muslims worldwide is, in essence, a practice that is neither unique nor exclusive to Islam. In ordaining Muslims to fast, God had described that indeed this act of fasting had been practised by the people of the other traditions. Muslims believe that fasting had been prescribed to the followers of the previous Prophets, including the people of Noah, Moses, Jesus (peace be upon them) and others a.s.

Allah s.w.t says in the Quran,

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

”O believers! Fasting is prescribed for you—as it was for those before you—so perhaps you will become mindful (of Allah)”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:183)

Fasting is indeed a shared tradition in the history of human civilisation. It is a practice we Muslims share with other spiritualities and religions. Different religious traditions manifest the act of fasting differently. It differs generally on the duration of fasting and on what an observant religionist can do or cannot do while fasting. However, what is common to a fasting person is the act of abstaining from something, for a specific duration, as defined in his or her religious tradition. 

2. Fasting is not just abstaining from food and drinks

Not even water? Often, as Muslims, we are being asked that question. The answer is yes, we cannot even drink while fasting. However, the act of fasting is beyond abstaining from food and drink, from dawn to dusk. Fasting is beyond observing physical abstention. A fasting person is reinforced to refrain from saying anything hurtful or non-beneficial. For instance, Muslims must not speak ill, spread lies or even pass unnecessary comments. 

In today’s digital age, the online world may lead us to do things that may affect our fasting. Therefore, we need to exercise self-restraint, both online and offline. Refrain from being preoccupied with unnecessary matters and affairs that have nothing to do with us. Only provide positive comments, and if there we have nothing beneficial to share and express, silence should be our default action. The Prophet s.a.w. reminded us that,

مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَلْيَقُلْ خَيْرًا، أَوْ لِيَصْمُتْ

“He who believes in Allah and the Last Day must either speak good or remain silent.”

(Sahih Al-Bukhari)

In observing our fast, we are also required to control our anger.

Indeed, fasting is hence a test of patience and emotional endurance. It requires us to recognise our limits with humility and to change ourselves for the better.

Read: Rules of Fasting in Islam

3. Fasting has its social dimension

The act of fasting also includes the social dimension, besides improving and benefiting oneself inwardly. Fasting should lead one to improve our relations with others. It is in the fasting month of Ramadan where meals are shared and family, friends and neighbours gather for iftar together (breaking of the fast). It is an opportune moment to forge new relationships and friendships and to strengthen existing ones. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, we would use this opportunity to gather to break our fast together.

Ramadan creates new relationships and friendships

Source: Md.Faizal Redknapp.Ishak on Facebook 

Islam emphasises that a good Muslim is a good neighbour. Muslims are thus commanded to maintain a good neighbourly relationship. The more affluent among us are encouraged to share food with our neighbours, and it is during the month of Ramadan that this practice is being reinforced. Being aware of our neighbours’ well-being and welfare is a commendable act.

This is, in fact, our enduring endeavour as Muslims in following the footsteps of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., whom we regard as the paragon of virtues and morality. In one of the sayings of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., he mentioned that

مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَلْيُحْسِنْ إِلَى جَارِهِ

“Whoever believes in God and in the Last Day, should treat his neighbours well.”

(Sunan Ibn Majah)

We are called to do good to our neighbours regardless of their religious and ethnic backgrounds. Due to the COVID-19 restrictions, we can drop off food instead of organizing a gathering to forge closer neighbourly relations. 

In the month of Ramadan especially, where rewards for good deeds are being multiplied, Muslims are encouraged to make charitable contributions to the less fortunate and the needy. This month of Ramadan, Muslims strive to seize the opportunity to radiate compassion to humanity. As a pro-active member of society, we are thus reminded in this month not to forsake the plight of the less fortunate and the needy. We are told to show care and concern, to share and to empathise.  There are endless opportunities to do good this Ramadan. There are many organisations that run their charity drive and several welfare organisations that call for volunteers to assist with their projects. 

Read: 5 Good Deeds To Do This Ramadan 

4. The fasting month is a spiritually energizing month

The month of Ramadan, the month where Muslims fast during the day, and increase prayer during the night, is, in essence, a month that calls for Muslims to rethink our day-to-day conduct. A month of discipline, a month that serves as an annual training period to reinforce good behaviours and exemplary conduct. It is also a month that we identify as the month of mercy and forgiveness. A month that provides opportunities for spiritual enhancement. A month of deep devotion and reflection. 

terawih singapore 2021

Ramadan is the only month where the special tarawih prayers are observed every night. It is also the month where we increase our qiyam (late night prayers).

Read: Guide to Qiyamullail - What, Why and How To Perform It

Ramadan is also a month that is closely associated with the Quran. After all, the first of the final revelations to humankind was revealed in the month of Ramadan. We use the opportunity of this sacred month to recite the Quran more than in any other month. Beyond reciting, Quran is a scripture that calls for us to internalise its meanings and practice its values. Therefore, we should take this opportunity to get close to our sacred text and ponder upon its messages and manifest them in our lives today.  

Allah s.w.t. says in the Quran,

لَوْ أَنزَلْنَا هَذَا الْقُرْآنَ عَلَى جَبَلٍ لَّرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُّتَصَدِّعًا مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Had We sent down this Quran upon a mountain, you would have certainly seen it humbled and torn apart in awe of Allah. We set forth such comparisons for people, so perhaps they may reflect

(Surah Al-Hashr, 59:21)

This blessed month of Ramadan is also a month where we forgive and get closer to one another. It is also a month where we Muslims seek forgiveness from Almighty God on all the wrongdoings and humble ourselves before Him as His servant, in our service to humanity. 

Ramadan is indeed a month that provides splendid opportunities for spiritual enhancement and social upliftment. It is a month of renewal, a month of transformation, a month of resolution. May Allah s.w.t. bless us with the rahmah (mercy) of Ramadan, and may we be among His servants to spread this rahmah to others. Amin.

And Allah knows best.

Subscribe to our newsletter

* indicates required
All Travel COVID-19 Asnaf Inspiring Muslims Dua Faith Family Ramadan Halal Malay
Join our mailing list