The blessed month of Ramadan is coming to an end. Soon, we will be celebrating Hari Raya Aidilfitri. Also known as Hari Raya Puasa, it is a day of victory for us after striving to be the best version of ourselves spiritually, physically and socially with perseverance, hope and faith.
Unlike last year, we are now able to return to mosques for the Sunnah Aidilfitri prayer, despite the limited capacity. This is due to the patience and diligence of our community in ensuring that the situation does not worsen by adhering to the strict measurements. All of this was undertaken while the spirit of our religious observances continues to be enlivened and experienced together.
The joyous ambience of Aidilfitri is still here with us by the blessings attained from the month of Ramadan. It is the spirit of victory over the baser self that we have strived against as we develop virtuous and praiseworthy traits in the sacred month. In fact, this year, we are also able to visit our relatives although there are safety measurements tightened to ensure that we can continue to see progress in the coming days.
For many of us who are unable to join the congregation at the mosque for the Sunnah Aidilfitri prayer, we can still observe it in congregation with our family members or individually and intimately by ourselves at the comfort of our own homes.
The Sunnah Aidilfitri prayer, also known as Solat Raya, is a highly recommended prayer (Sunnah Muakkadah). According to scholars, it is considered to be one of the most highly regarded amongst other Sunnah Prayers (Nawafil). Rasulullah s.a.w. never missed performing this prayer since it was established for Muslims to perform it.
The Sunnah Aidilfitri prayer is ideally performed in a congregation. However, it can also be done individually. In a period when we are still facing the global pandemic, we can continue to enliven this Sunnah by performing our Sunnah Aidilfitri prayer at home.
The period to perform the Sunnah Aidilfitri prayer is on the first day of Syawal when the sun has completely risen at about 30 mins after Syuruq (Sunrise), which is around 7:30 am, and ends with the Zohor prayer time.
Here is a step-by-step guide to performing the Aidilfitri Sunnah prayer:
Recite the intention for the Aidilfitri Sunnah prayer:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ عِيدِ الفِطْرِ رَكعَتَين لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata ‘idil fitri rak'ataini lillah ta'ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Aidilfitri two raka'at for Allah ta'ala
If you are praying in a congregation, the intentions for Aidilfitri prayer are as follows.
The one who is leading the prayer as an Imam would recite:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ عِيدِ الفِطْرِ رَكعَتَينِ إِمَامًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata ‘idil fitri rak'ataini imaamam lillah ta'ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Aidilfitri as the Imam two raka'at for Allah ta'ala
The Makmum (follower) will recite this intention:
أُصَلِّي سُنَّةَ عِيدِ الفِطْرِ رَكعَتَينِ مَأمُومًا لِلَّهِ تَعَالَى
Usolli sunnata ‘idil fitri rak'ataini ma’muman lillah ta'ala
I intend to pray the Sunnah prayer of Aidilfitri as the Ma’mum (follower), two raka'at for Allah ta'ala
The following illustrations will guide you on praying Jema’ah (in a congregation) at home:
Read these guidelines for praying in a congregation.
Takbiratul Ihram is the act of raising your hands such that your thumbs are on the same level as your earlobes and your palms are on the same level as your shoulder.
Say ‘Allahu Akbar’ while keeping your intention in mind.
Upon giving the Takbir, lower your hands gently over your chest and put your right hand over your left.
Recite the Dua Iftitah (opening dua) quietly only for the first raka’at:
اللهُ اَكْبَرُ كَبِرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلهِ كَثِيرًا وَسُبْحَانَ اللهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيْلًا .وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِيْ فَطَرَالسَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيْفًا مُسْلِمًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِيْنَ . إِنَّ صَلَاتِيْ وَنُسُكِيْ وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِيْ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ . لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِيْنَ
Allaahu Akbar Kabiraa,
Wa Subhānallāhi Bukratan Wa aṣīlā
Wajjahtu Wajhi-allazi Fatra-Samawāti wal-Ardh
Hanīfan-Musliman Wamā ana minal-musyrikīn
Inna ṣalātī, wanusukī wamahyayā, wamamātī Lillāhi rabbil-'ālamīn
Lā Syarīka lahu Wa Bidzālika Umirtu Wa Anā Minal Muslimīn
Allah the Almighty, the Greatest
All praises be upon Him
Allah The Most Exalted of them all, day and night
I stand before The One Who created the skies and the lands
I sincerely submit to Allah and I am certainly not among those who associate Allah with other beings
Indeed my Solat, my good deeds, my life and my death are all for Allah The Lord of all the worlds
He has no partner nor parallel whatsoever, and I have been ordered as such, and I am from those who embrace Islam.
After reciting the opening prayer (Dua Ifititah), lift your hand to give another Takbir (Allahu Akbar) 7 times. Put your hands back on your chest after every Takbir as per the default standing position in prayer.
It is part of the Sunnah to recite the following in between each Takbir quietly, including after the 7th Takbir:
سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللهُ أَكبَر
SubhanAllah Walhamdu-lillah Wa-La Ilaha Ilallahu Wallahu Akbar
If one were to become confused about the number of Takbir recited - for example, reciting 8 Takbir instead of 7 Takbir, then it is okay. It is considered as Makruh (disliked), but the prayer is still valid.
If you were to mistakenly jumble up the number of Takbir recited and the number remains unclear, take the smallest number in mind and continue from there.
Or if you were to mistakenly skip all the 7 Takbir and recite Surah Al-Fatihah immediately after the Takbiratul Ihram, then it is ok to proceed with the prayer as it does not invalidate the Sunnah prayer. Leaving the 7 Takbir unintentionally, however, is Makruh (disliked).
On another note, it is important to clarify that the mentioned 7 Takbir does not include the Takbiratul Ihram (Opening Takbir).
Once all the 7 Takbir have been made, recite the Ta’awwudz (seeking refuge in Allah s.w.t):
أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
A`udhu billahi min ash-shaytan ar-rajim
I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan
And then read Surah Al-Fatihah:
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ. الحَمدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ العالَمينَ. الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ. مَالِكِ يَومِ الدّينِ. إِيّاكَ نَعبُدُ وَإِيّاكَ نَستَعينُ. اهدِنَا الصِّراطَ المُستَقيمَ. صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمْتَ عَلَيهِم غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِم وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
iyyāKa naʿbudu wa-iyyāKa nastaʿīn.
ṣirāṭallazīna anʿamTa ʿalayhim ghayril-maghḍūbi ʿalayhim wa-lāḍ-ḍāllīn.
In the name of God, The Most Compassionate, The Most Merciful.
Praise be to God, Lord of all the worlds.
The Compassionate, the Merciful. Ruler on the Day of Reckoning.
You alone do we worship, and You alone do we ask for help.
Guide us on the straight path,
the path of those who have received your grace;
not the path of those who have brought down wrath, nor of those who wander astray.
Upon completing the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah, you may read any memorised surah of your preference. For the second raka’at, it is encouraged to choose a verse that does not precede the first in the order of the Quran. For example, you can read Surah Al-’Asr in the first raka’at and read Surah Al-Ikhlas in the second.
Say Allahu Akbar (Takbiratul Intiqal) during the transition from standing to bending for Ruku’, while raising your hands just as previously explained in Takbiratul Ihram. Lower your hands gently to your knees as we move towards the Ruku’ position.
Say three times,
سُبْحَانَ رَبِّي العَظِيمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ
Subhāna Rabbiyal-’Azīm wabihamdih
Glory be to Allah, the Mighty, and praise be to He
After completing your Ruku’, return to the standing position while raising your hands just as in the Takbiratul Ihram position and recite during the transition:
سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ
Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah
Allah has heard the one who praised Him
Lower your hands gently. When you are in the complete upright position, recite:
رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ
O Our Lord, to You are all the praises
Go into prostration while saying the Allahu Akbar. Let your knees touch the ground first, followed by your palms and then your forehead. While in the first Sujud, recite three times:
سُبْحَانَ رَبِّي الأَعْلَى وَبِحَمْدِهِ
Subhānna Rabbiya l-A’lā wa bihamdih
Glory be to my Lord The Most High, and praise be to He
In between the two Sujud, rise from the prostration to a sitting position on your knees while saying Allahu Akbar. In the sitting position, say :
رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِيْ وَارْحَمْنِيْ وَاجْبُرْنِيْ وَارْفَعْنِيْ وَارْزُقْنِيْ وَاهْدِنِيْ وَعَافِنِيْ وَاعْفُ عَنِّيْ
Rabbighfirlī wa-rhamnī wa-jburnī wa-rfa’nī wa-rzuqnī wa-hdinī wa-‘āfinī wa’fu ‘annī
O Lord, forgive me, have mercy on me, cover for me my shortcomings, elevate my rank, provide for me, guide me, grant me well-being, and pardon me
Afterwards, return to the prostration position to complete the second Sujud and repeat the recitation as mentioned previously.
Upon fulfilling the mentioned steps, you have completed the first raka’at.
Return to the standing position while saying Allahu Akbar (Takbiratul Intiqal). Begin the Second raka’at with another 5 Takbir (Allahu Akbar) just as explained in No. 4. In between each Takbir, recite:
سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاللهُ أَكبَر
SubhanAllah Walhamdu-lillah Wa-La Ilaha IlAllahu WAllahu Akbar
Refer to no. 5 above.
After reciting Surah Al-Fatihah and then followed with another Surah from the Quran, repeat the steps mentioned in No. 6 to complete the second raka'at.
Complete the prayer by reciting the final Tasyahhud:
اَلتَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ِللهِ. اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ. اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللهِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ
At-tahiyyātul mubārakatuṣ-ṣalawātuth ṭayyibātu lillāh. Assalāmu‘alaika ayyuhan-nabiyyu wa rahmatullāhi wa barakātuhu. Assalāmu‘alainā wa ‘alā ‘ibādillāhiṣ-ṣālihīn
Raise your right index finger and say:
أَشْهدُ اَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَاَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُوْلُ اللهِ
Asyhadu an lā ilāha illallāh, wa asyhadu anna Muhammadar Rasuulullāh
Continue with the selawat:
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ، اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ علَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
Allahumma ṣalli 'ala Muhammadin, wa 'alā āli Muhammad, kamā ṣallaita 'ala 'āli Ibrāhīma, innaka Hamīdun Majīd. Allahumma bārik 'alā Muhammadin, wa 'alā āli Muhammad, kamā bārakta 'alā āli Ibrāhīma, innaka Hamīdun Majīd
O Allah, bestow your blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you bestowed your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim. Indeed You are Praised and Glorious. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You have blessed the family of Ibrahim. Indeed You are Praised and Glorious
Turn your head to both of your sides, starting from the right, such that your cheek can be seen by anyone behind, and say
السَّلَامُ عَلَيكُم وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ
Assalamu alaykum wa-rahmatullah
Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you
The Khutbah after the prayer is not part of the Integrals (arkan) of the Aidilfitri prayer like it is for the Friday prayer. It is considered to be a Sunnah (encouraged) in performing the Aidilftri prayer when performed in congregation. Hence, you are not required to deliver the khutbah at home to complete the prayer.
Once you have observed your Sunnah Aidilfitri prayer, you may listen to the khutbah. The khutbah, which will be broadcasted live, is available on SalamSG TV YouTube and Facebook at 7.40 am in Malay with English subtitles.
With its highly regarded merit in the sight of Allah s.w.t. and the joyous spirit of Aidilfitri, may this year's Aidilfitri Sunnah prayer be a more meaningful one. Let us start a new phase of our journey with devoutness to The One who brings glad tidings and victory.
And Allah knows best.